In 2000 another ebilling standard, this time in XML, was ratified by the LOC. The new LEDES 2000 format contained much more information than the original LEDES 1998B format, and more fully accommodated the complex nature of fee arrangements between corporations and law firms. The LEDES 2000 format had minor corrections made in 2004 and 2005, and the current document in place on this site contains those corrections.

This format was revised substantially in 2006 with ratification of the LEDES XML Ebilling Ver. 2 format. LEDES 2000 appears on this web site as a courtesy for those still using it.

The LEDES 2000 XML format includes 125 data elements within 7 segments.

The format documentation was revised in August, 2014 to the extent that timekeeper classifications are referenced in the document.  Additionally, typo was corrected in October, 2019.

Ledes 2000 Format Rev 10-2019

LEDES 2000 Sample File and DTD  This zip file includes both the sample file and DTD for the XML file.  It is not possible to double click and open the DTD file without having an XML editor.  There is not an error on this file.

In 2004 a UK-based group called LITIG (Legal IT Innovators Group) proposed an ebilling standard for the United Kingdom’s legal service industry based on the LEDES 1998B format. After several meetings and consultation with LITIG, the LOC approved a beta international version of the LEDES 1998B format in 2005. The beta format was revised in 2006 to include additional fields necessary for global ebilling to proceed.  The update was ratified by the LOC as a (non-beta) standard in 2006 and appears on this website in its modified form.

LEDES 98BI is an ASCII, pipe delimited format that includes 51 fields.

It is not intended that the LEDES 1998B-International format will be modified in the future; any global submission issues will be considered through modification of the LEDES XML Ebilling Ver. 2.1 format only.

The format documentation was revised in August, 2014 to the extent that timekeeper classifications are referenced in the document.

In January, 2020 the format was updated to extend the tax rate field.  

LEDES98BI V5 Format Rev 1-2020 w Changes Marked from 98BI Rev 7-2014

LEDES98BI V5 Format Rev 1-2020

Sample File:  LEDES98BI V5 Sample File 1-2020 

Need help getting started?  The LEDES Oversight Committee’s YouTube Channel has an instructional video on how to create a LEDES 98BI file here.  

LEDES 1998 was the first standard issued by the cross-industry consortium led by PricewaterhouseCoopers for ebilling.  The format documentation is no longer available.  The standard was quickly updated and replaced by LEDES 1998B.

LEDES 1998B is  an ASCII, pipe delimited format containing 24 fields.  It is currently the most-widely used ebilling standard in the legal industry in the US.

It is not intended that the LEDES 1998B format will be modified in the future.

The format documentation was revised in August, 2014 to the extent that timekeeper classifications are referenced in the document.

Ledes 1998B Format Rev 7-2014

Ledes98B Sample File Rev 7-2014

Need help getting started?  The LEDES Oversight Committee’s YouTube Channel has an instructional video on how to create a LEDES 98B file here.